Jose de Jesus Alfaro Siqueiros, better known as David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896-1974) was a successful painter and political activist. In the arts he emerged as a member of the Mexican School of Painting next to Diego Rivera and Jose Clemente Orozco. In the early twenties, under government auspices, he made murals in public buildings. He defended public art in the service of the people, an idea that he expressed primarily through the murals.
He was constantly experimenting with new materials and tools. He formed various organizations of artists, both in Mexico and abroad, always promoting collaborative practices. In politics he always communed with communist ideas: he was a member of the Mexican Communist Party. He fought in the Mexican Revolution and the Spanish Civil War. Siqueiros was a promoter of various union groups and his activism led him on many occasions to prison and exile.
He expressed his artistic and politicalideas passionately through endless conferences and articles. He was recognized as a prolific editor and creator of periodicals.
His contributions in art led him to be worthy of significant honors and awards in Mexico and abroad. He was a friend of prominent personalities from politics, art, literature and science. At the end of his life he was concerned with creating two institutions to develop and disseminate their artistic and documentary heritage: the Escuela Taller Siqueiros in Cuernavaca, Morelos and the Sala de Arte Público Siqueiros in Mexico City. His work is part of important public and private collections in Mexico and a broad.